Diabetes occurs when there are high glucose (sugar) levels in the blood. The increased glucose can be the result of the inability to make insulin or use the insulin produced properly. There are three types of diabetes:
- Type 1 – Commonly diagnosed in children and young adults. The body does not produce insulin which is needed to convert sugar into energy. Patients will use insulin therapy as a means in which to control their disease.
- Type 2 – Most common form of diabetes. Patients diagnosed will often make insulin but their body will not use it properly. The body will attempt to keep up with the increased demand of insulin but eventually will not be able to make enough to keep glucose levels within normal range.
- Gestational – A form of diabetes that occurs in pregnant women.
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